Region: Upper Murray

Legal Number: LEGL/93-165/1

Plantation: Shelley

93-165a March 01: Recent pine logging. Buffers left intact.

Conservation Priority: Med/High

Plantation within Australian Newsprint Mill (ANM) Ltd area of supply.

Plantation within Carter Holt Harvey (now owned by International Paper) area of supply.

Plantation within Boral Timber (Tumbarumba) NSW area of supply.

Plantation within Dominance Industries (Alpine MDF Industries) area of supply.

North East Victoria Plantation Map here

This plantation was very likely to be aerially sprayed with 2,4,5-T between 1968 and 1977. The Dioxin TCDD may still exist in soil in this plantation. For more historical data on 2,4,5-T click here. For more information concerning the continuing health crisis concerning 2,4,5-T please forward to here.

Herbicides Used by Hancock in Pine Plantations - North East Region Victoria

Herbicide Label Rate max as kg/ha Used to control Notes Application
Carfentrazone-Ethyl 0.036      
Clopyralid 2.55 Woody Weeds Highly Toxic/Potential Ground water Contaminant air or ground
Glyphosate 3.6 Herbaceous and woody weeds, noxious weeds    
Hexazinone 4 Woody Weeds Ground Water Contaminant Aerial, ground, spot
Metsulfuron-Methyl 0.06 Woody Weeds, Noxious Weeds Potential Ground Water Contaminant Aerial, ground or spot
Triclopyr 3 Woody and Noxious Weeds   Ground, spot, basal bark


Plantation Possibly located on Tin Mine tailings: Tin was first worked in the Koetong area in 1873. In June that year, stream tin was being worked on Koetong, Dry Forest, Burrowye, Pheasant and Cudgewa Creeks and their branches. Stream tin was worked in much the same way as alluvial gold; the upper soil (called 'stripping') on the creek flats was shovelled away until tin-bearing washdirt was exposed; sluicing was then carried out.


Plantation lies inside Lake Hume Designated Water Supply Catchment.

THREATENED FISH NOTES - CUDGEWA CREEK: Stocked with Trout Cod and Murray Cod. Also has Blackfish and Mountain Galaxias. Silt is major problem into its lower reaches.

Responsible Authority: Towong Shire Council

Plantation Catchment: Headwaters and tributaries of Guys Forest Creek. Headwaters and tributaries of Pheasant Creek.

Catchment Managment Authority: North East Catchment Management Authority

Hancock Watch site visit Mar 01: Large plantation mass. Evidence of harvesting in operation on mild to steep slopes. Buffer zones appeared to be maintained when logging was in action, however are these buffer zones large enough to protect streamside quality. Plantation mass too large to be sustainable without compromising ecological values. More work needs to be carried out maintaining and strengthening ecological viability of plantation.

Upper Murray River: The Upper Murray Basin is drained by numerous small streams which comprise part of the headwaters of the Murray River. All the rivers, except the lower reaches of the northern streams, flow through inaccessible, heavily forested mountain country. The two best trout waters are the Cudgewa and Nariel Creeks. Koetong Creek is being stocked withTrout Cod as part of a program aimed at establishing additional viable populations of this endangered native fish species.

Cudgewa Creek, Cudgewa: Rises in heavily timbered country, then flows through grazing land, gravel, rock and mud bed. Erosion of banks and siltation requires control. Carries mostly brown trout average 480g, maximum 900g, rainbow trout to 450g and abundant river blackfish. Spiny freshwater crayfish are present. Lower reaches contain some redfin and occasional Murray cod to 6.6kg. Trout Cod are reported to be still present in the middle reaches. Last stocked with trout by Department in 1969. No further trout stocking will be considered because of the viable Murray cod population and reported Trout Cod. Source: A Guide to the Inland Angling Waters of Victoria by BR Tunbridge, PL Rogan, CA Barnham. Department Conservation and Environment. Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research, 123 Brown St, Heidelberg, 3084. (4th ed - 1991)

The distribution of Trout Cod is more restricted than in the past (Cadwallader &Gooley 1984). They were once widespread in the Murray-Darling system, mostly in the upper reaches (e.g. Mitta Mitta, Ovens, King and Goulburn Rivers), though recorded as far downstream as Mannum in South Australia (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983, Cadwallader & Gooley 1984). In Victoria the only known viable population occurs in Seven Creeks, upstream of Euroa between Gooram Falls and Polly McQuinns Weir, and originates from fish translocated from the Goulburn River in 1921 and 1922.

The Department of Conservation and Natural Resources (CNR) and its predecessors have released fish into Koetong, Hughes, Ryans and Buffalo Creeks and the Coliban and Broken Rivers. There are also unconfirmed reports of Trout Cod in a number of waters, including the King, upper Ovens, and lower Goulburn Rivers, and Cutting, Narial, Cudgewa, Morses and Broken Creeks.

93-165b March 01: Recent logging. Creek buffer remains, but is the buffer width appropriate

93-165c March 01: Recent logging. Creek buffer remains, but is the buffer width appropriate

93-165d March 01: Recent logging.

93-165e March 01: No buffers in cleared plantation - note right side gully.

93-165fMarch 01: Spray pack of green substance left after logging.

93-165g March 01: Large soil deposits waiting to wash into creek.

93-165h March 01: Headwaters of creek draining into Pheasant Creek. Lack of buffers apparent.
Australian Newsprint Mill International Paper Carter Holt Harvey Lake Hume Murray River Trout Cod Murray Cod Blackfish Mountain Galaxias Medium High Upper Murray